An ergonomics solution deals with the design and layout of the workstation, tools, and equipment, and their interaction with the employee and the task. These workplace factors represent what the worker is exposed to for the majority of the shift, therefore the application of good ergonomics principles aimed at reducing stressors is the key to success.
The process of ergonomics solution design presents an opportunity to optimize the ergonomic characteristics of the job. In order to do that, many variables must be evaluated to determine the ergonomics risk and solution parameters. Variables to consider include, but are not limited to:
- body position
- product parts
- controls & displays
- the finished product
- the overall production process
- environmental stressors like noise, temperature, and vibration
- height, reaches, and clearances
- force requirements
- tasks performed
- materials handling
- materials storage
Tools that can be used to assist in the design process include anthropometrics and workplace arrangement using factor analysis (typically importance, frequency of use, function, sequence of use, etc.).